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首頁 * 關於OD

  緣起

隨著知識經濟時代的來臨,歐美主要國家及聯合國、世界經濟論壇、世界銀行等國際組織,近年來大力倡議及推動「開放資料(Open Data)」做為國家發展之重要策略。在政府資源有限下,善用民間無限之創意,整合運用Open Data發展各種創新加值服務,這股創新趨勢風潮已快速地席捲全球。 Open Data發展在先進國家已形成推動資訊服務與應用的一股新力量,而台灣卓越的電子化政府效能在世界一向名列前茅,具有良好基礎發展Open Data應用及服務。因此政府開始研擬各項推動策略,希望透過Open Data與民間的再利用,促進經濟與整體社會利益。 在2012年11月8日,行政院第3322次院會決議:(1)政府開放資料可增進政府施政透明度、提升民眾生活品質,滿足產業界需求,對於各級政府間或各部會間之決策品質均有助益。(2)請經濟部研擬產業發展之各項需求及因應策略,各部會亦應自民眾的應用面發想,思考使用端之需求。經濟部工業局依此推動「開放資料(Open Data)應用推動計畫」。

  計畫重點

本計畫期望透過Open Data之需求彙整與推廣,鼓勵業界自主發展開放資料應用與改良商業模式,建立起示範標竿,進而帶動各項創新服務,活化整體社會經濟。並藉由多元推廣宣傳來促進知識擴散與學習,以有效全面提升Open Data的觀念與認知。 在推動主軸外,並規劃配套措施包含技術、法規等環境面之建立與協助,奠定後續發展之基礎。希冀透過本計畫之推動,讓Open Data的應用與需求能藉由政府與民間相互拉抬,互利互榮,終能達成增進政府施政透明、助益於施政決策品質、提升民眾生活品質、創造工作機會與驅動經濟增長活力、型塑產業轉型契機,創造台灣產業新價值之最終目標


  Overview of Open Data Development in Taiwan

Governments around the world have been releasing their data following the worldwide promotion of Open Data, hoping to thereby increase government transparency, improve citizens’ quality of life, and drive economy development. Taiwan began implementing its Open Data policy under the resolution of the Executive Yuan in 2012. The National Development Council was charged with the implementation of government Open Data, and the Ministry of Economic Affairs (Industrial Development Bureau) was responsible for promoting industrial applications. At first, government agencies were unclear of the private sector’s needs and fields of application, and merely released 490 datasets on the government Open Data platform (beta version was launched in April 2013). Open Data was a whole new field unknown to nearly 70% of enterprises and citizens.

The Industrial Development Bureau, Ministry of Economic Affairs implemented the “Open Data Application Promotion Plan” in November 2013, encouraging enterprises, developers, and private organizations to use government data. Up to the end of 2014, the plan assisted the development of 108 innovative services, spurred the establishment of 8 start-ups, and nearly 3,400 datasets (all 3 stars and above; the 5 stars of open linked data) of government (data.gov.tw) were uploaded for public access.  For more details, please refer here.